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Tooth absess

Abscess is basically the collection of the pus that has accumulated in a cavity formed by the tissue. The organisms or foreign materials kill the local cells, resulting in the release of toxins. The toxins trigger an inflammatory response, which draws large numbers of white blood cells to the area and increases the regional blood flow.

Similarly an Tooth Abscess is the collection of the pus in the Pocket of the bone, at the apex of the root, near the opening of the apical foramen.
It result due to the bacterial infection.Infection results in a collection of pus (dead tissue, live and dead bacteria, white blood cells) and swelling of the tissues within the tooth.This causes sever pain

 

 


Causes of the Tooth abscess.

– Tooth decay

– Trauma to the Tooth, fracture

– Poor oral hygiene, (such as not brushing and flossing properly or often enough

– Faulty tooth restoration

– Carious formation

– Pulpitis

Symptoms

– Toothache

– Severe, continuous pain

– Pain when chewing

– Sensitivity of the teeth to hot or cold

– Bitter taste in the mouth

– Breath odour

– Swollen glands of the neck

– General discomfort, uneasiness, or ill feeling

– Swollen area of the upper or lower jaw — a very serious symptom

– Sometimes causes difficulty in breathing.

Treatment

People who have cavities or toothaches can take medicines, such as ibuprofen or naproxen as needed for relief of pain and inflammation.

If an abscess ruptures by itself, warm water rinses will help cleanse the mouth and encourage drainage.

Surgical drainage of the abscess or extraction of the affected tooth may be necessary.

Root canal therapy may be recommended in an attempt to preserve the tooth.

Complications

Loss of the tooth

spread of infection to the jaw bone (osteomyelitis of the mandible or maxilla)

Spread of infection to other areas of the body resulting in brain abscess, endocarditis, pneumonia, or other disorders

Prevention

– Remember to brush and floss after every meal and at bedtime.

– Avoidance of cigarette smoking and excess alcohol.

– Early diagnosis of caries and treating it.

– Should treat fracture tooth

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