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Orthodontics

• Teeth Problems That Can Be Caused By A Bad Bite
• How We Diagnosis Orthodontic Problems
• Initial Planning
• Types of Treatment Options
• Risks of Orthodontic Treatment
Orthodontic treatment corrects teeth and jawproblems and involves the design and use of appliances such as braces, retainers, aligners,bands and headgears. If you have crowding or overlapping teeth, it makes them harder to clean which increases your chances of tooth decay, gum disease and eventual tooth loss. With orthodontic treatment, you can improve the health of your teeth and start to smile with confidence!
Intervention and early treatment is preferred, since the process is usually quicker and easier. Treatment can begin as early as six or seven, which is when some habits that are formed as a baby can begin to cause unwanted tooth movement. Orthodontic treatment is also available for adults, who can be treated with both fixed and removable appliances.
Teeth Problems That Can Be Caused By A Bad Bite
Crooked, crowded and overlapping teeth can cause a wide range of problems, including:
• Tooth decay and gum disease- it makes them harder to clean which increases your chances of tooth decay, gum disease
• Wear and tear – the teeth of the upper and lower jaw are meant to come together in a specific way, with the upper teeth slightly protruding over the lower teeth. If they are misaligned, the action of chewing may grind the teeth unevenly.
• Jaw injury – the jaw joint is called the temporo-mandibular joint, which is also known as the TMJ. A bad bite may place stress and strain on this joint; this can cause localized problems such as pain, headaches as well as clicking or grinding noises when the jaw opens and closes.
• Speech impediments – many sounds are made with the tongue against or near the teeth. Misaligned teeth can interfere with speech.
• Self-confidence – a person may be reluctant to smile due to misaligned teeth.
How We Diagnose Orthodontic Problems
Problems with teeth and jaw are identified using a number of tests, including:
• Dental X-rays both inside and outside the mouth
• Photographs both inside and outside the mouth
• Duplicate your bite in stone casts using impression materials
Initial Planning
Once the problems are diagnosed, we create a step-by-step corrective plan. Any existing dental findings will likely need to be addressed before orthodontic treatment can begin. For instance, any decay must be treated and a dental cleaning must be performed. Also, teeth that are causing crowding may need to be removed before orthodontic treatment can be started.
Types of Treatment Options
The range of corrective orthodontic devices includes:
• Braces – Braces are the most efficient and accurate way of moving teeth. Brackets are cemented to each tooth that needs to be moved with special dental glue and are typically made of a stainless steel material or clear ceramic. These brackets act like a handle on the tooth so that it can be moved into its correct position when force is applied to the brackets. Visits to our office every few weeks are needed to adjust the forces on the teeth as the teeth are slowly moved into a desired position.
Risks of Orthodontic Treatment
Some of the risks of orthodontics include:
• Dental hygiene problems – braces and wires make cleaning the teeth more difficult. This can cause decay, discoloration
• Relapse – teeth have fibers attached to the roots and those fibers have memory, which can caused properly aligned teeth to rotate out of alignment once the force on the teeth are removed. When wisdom teeth appear, also known as third molars, this can also caused properly aligned teeth to relapse. It is important that you wear your retainersafter fixed treatment has ended.
• Soft tissue injury – the braces may dig into the gums or cheeks.
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